Commemorated on January 4
The Holy Protomartyr and Archdeacon Stephen was the eldest of the
seven deacons, established by the Apostles themselves, and therefore he
is called “archdeacon.” He was the first Christian martyr, and he
suffered for Christ at about age 30. In the words of Asterias, he was
“the starting point of the martyrs, the instructor of suffering for
Christ, the foundation of righteous confession, since Stephen was the
first to shed his blood for the Gospel.”
Filled with the Holy
Spirit, Saint Stephen preached Christianity and defeated Jewish teachers
of the Law in debate. The Jews maligned Saint Stephen, saying that he
had uttered blasphemy against God and against Moses. Saint Stephen came
before the Sanhedrin and the High Priest to answer these charges. He
gave a fiery speech, in which he recounted the history of the Jewish
nation, and denounced the Jews for persecuting the prophets, and also
for executing the promised Messiah, Jesus Christ (Acts ch. 7).
his speech, Saint Stephen suddenly saw the heavens opened and Jesus
Christ standing at the right hand of God. The Jews shouted and covered
their ears, and rushed at him. They dragged him out of the city and
stoned him, but the holy martyr prayed for his murderers. Far off on the
heights stood the Mother of God with the holy Apostle John the
Theologian, and She prayed fervently for the martyr. Before his death
Saint Stephen said, “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. O Lord, lay not this
sin to their charge.” Then he joyfully gave up his pure soul to Christ.
The body of the holy Protomartyr Stephen, left to be eaten by
beasts, was secretly taken up by the Jewish teacher Gamaliel and his son
Habib, who buried Stephen on his estate. They both believed in Christ,
and later received holy Baptism.
TROPARION - TONE 3
Holy apostle Stephen of the Seventy; / entreat the merciful God / to grant our souls forgiveness of transgressions.
KONTZKION - TONE 4
The Church ever sees you as a shining star, O apostle Stephen, / Your
miracles have manifested great enlightenment. / Therefore we cry out to
Christ: / “Save those who with faith honor Your apostle, O Most Merciful
SAINT OR FEAST POSTED THIS DATE 2015(with 2014's link here also and further: 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008 and even 2007!):
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