Lazarus the Iconographer lived in Constantinople. He was a priest, led a
strict ascetic life and painted holy icons. He fought against all
heresy, enduring many afflictions from the Nestorians, Eutychians, and
iconoclasts. Under the iconoclast emperor Theophilus (829-842), he was
arrested and after cruel tortures, thrown into prison. Theophilus
ordered horseshoes to be placed in a fire until they glowed red with the
heat. Then they were put upon the iconographer's hands, because he
dared to paint icons of Christ and the saints. He was saved from
execution by the intervention of the empress Theodora.
St Lazarus died in the year 857 while returning from Rome, where he had
been sent in a delegation on church matters to Pope Benedict III
(855-858). His remains were taken to Constantinople and buried in the
church of St Evandrus.