Saint Pachomius was born of pagan parents in the Upper
Thebaid of Egypt. He was conscripted into the Roman army at an early
age. While quartered with the other soldiers in the prison in Thebes,
Pachomius was astonished at the kindness shown them by the local
Christians, who relieved their distress by bringing them food and drink.
Upon inquiring who they were, he believed in Christ and vowed that once
delivered from the army, he would serve Him all the days of his life.
Released from military service, about the year 313, he was baptized, and
became a disciple of the hermit Palamon, under whose exacting guidance
he increased in virtue and grace, and reached such a height of holiness
that "because of the purity of his heart," says his biographer, "he was,
as it were, seeing the invisible God as in a mirror." His renown spread
far, and so many came to him to be his disciples that he founded nine
monasteries in all, filled with many thousands of monks, to whom he gave
a rule of life, which became the pattern for all communal monasticism
after him. While Saint Anthony the Great is the father of hermits, Saint
Pachomius is the founder of the cenobitic life in Egypt; because
Pachomius had founded a way of monasticism accessible to so many,
Anthony said that he "walks the way of the Apostles." Saint Pachomius
fell asleep in the Lord before his contemporaries Anthony and Athanasius
the Great, in the year 346. His name in Coptic, Pachom, means "eagle."
Apolytikion in the Plagal of the First Tone
Thou didst prove a chief pastor of the Chief Shepherd, Christ,
guiding the flocks of monastics unto the heavenly fold, whence thou
learntest of the habit and the way of life that doth befit ascetic
ranks; having taught this to thy monks, thou now dancest and rejoicest
with them in heavenly dwellings, O great Pachomius, our Father and
Kontakion in the Second Tone
Since thou hadst shown forth the life of the Angels while in a
body, O God-bearing Pachomius, thou wast also counted worthy of their
glory; and with them thou standest before the Lord's throne, interceding
that divine forgiveness be granted unto all.